Gender workplace statistics at a glance 2018-19

Gender workplace statistics at a glance

August 2019

 Workforce Participation

  • Women comprise 47.0% of all employed persons in Australia; 25.6% of all employed persons are women working full-time, and 21.4% are working part-time* (ABS 2019, Labour Force).
  • Women constitute 37.3% of all full-time employees and 68.1% of all part-time employees (ABS 2019, Labour Force).
  • The workforce participation rate** is 61.1% for women and 71.3% for men (ABS 2019, Labour Force).
  • The workforce participation rate among those aged 15-64 years is 74.0% for women and 83.3% for men (ABS 2019, Labour Force).

* Part-time refers to all employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week and either did so during the reference week or did not work that week.

** Participation rate is the sum of the employed and unemployed divided by total population from age 15 onwards.

Economic security

  • The full-time average weekly ordinary earnings* for women are 14.0% less than for men (ABS 2019, Average Weekly Earnings).
  • Among non-public sector organisations with 100 or more employees, the gender pay gap for full-time annualised base salary is 16.2%, and 21.3% for full-time annualised total remuneration (WGEA 2019, Data Explorer).
  • The adult full-time average hourly ordinary time cash earnings** for non-managerial women are 11.4% less than for non-managerial men (ABS 2019, Employee Earnings and Hours).
  • The median undergraduate starting salaries for women are 4.8% less than for men. This gap widens 14.6% for postgraduate (coursework) graduates (QILT, 2018).
  • Average superannuation balances for women at retirement (aged 60-64) are 42.0% lower than those for men (Clare, R, 2017).
  • 55.0% of people aged 65 years or more and receiving the aged pension are women (DSS Demographics, 2018).

Ordinary time earnings used comprise regular wages and salaries in cash, excluding amounts salary sacrificed. For more information refer to: <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6302.0>

** Cash earnings used comprise regular wages and salaries in cash, including amounts salary sacrificed. Estimates of hourly cash earnings have only been produced for employees with a link between earnings and hours. For more information, refer to: <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6306.0>

Educational Attainment

  • Of all women aged 20-24, 89.9% have attained year 12 qualifications or above, compared to 84.4% of men in the same age bracket. Of all women aged 25-29, 44.7% have achieved a bachelor degree or above, compared to 32.1% of similarly-aged men (ABS 2018, Gender Indicators).
  • Women represent 58.4% of domestic students enrolled in universities or other institutions. This has risen from 57.6% in 2007 (WGEA 2018, Higher education enrolments and graduate labour statistics).

Paid parental leave

Of all organisations in the Agency’s 2017-18 dataset:

  • 47.8% provide primary carer’s leave in addition to the Federal Government’s paid parental leave scheme (WGEA 2019, Data Explorer).
  • 41.8% provide secondary carer’s leave in addition to the Federal Government’s paid parental leave scheme (WGEA 2019, Data Explorer).

Women in leadership

Latest results from the Agency’s 2017-18 dataset show:

  • Women hold 13.7% of chair positions and 25.8% of directorships, and represent 17.1% of CEOs and 30.5% of key management personnel (WGEA 2019, Data Explorer).
  • 35.2% of boards and governing bodies have no female directors. By contrast, only 0.9% had no male directors (WGEA 2018, Australia's Gender Equality Scorecard).

Real-time statistics from the Australian Institute of Company Directors reveal:

  • 29.6% of directors in the ASX 200 are women (May 2019).
  • Women comprised 45.4% of new appointments to ASX 200 boards in 2018.

References

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (2018), Labour Force, Australia, July 2018, cat. no. 6202.0, viewed 16 August 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0/>
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (2018), Labour Force, Australia, July 2018, cat. no. 6202.0, viewed 16 August 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0/> 
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (2018), Average Weekly Earnings, Nov 2017, May 2018, cat. no. 6302.0, viewed 16 August 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6302.0>
  • Workplace Gender Equality Agency (2018), WGEA Data Explorer, Gender pay gaps (average), viewed 14 August 2019, <https://data.wgea.gov.au/industries/1#pay_equity_content>             
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (2019), Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2018, cat. no. 6306.0, viewed 21 February 2019, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6306.0>
  • Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching (QILT) (2018), Graduate Outcome Survey National Report, accessed 15 August 2019, <https://www.qilt.edu.au/docs/default-source/gos-reports/2018-gos/2018-gos-national-report-2018.pdf?sfvrsn=a729e33c_4> 
  • Workplace Gender Equality Agency (2018), Superannuation & gender pay gaps by age group, viewed 14 August 2019, <https://www.wgea.gov.au/data/fact-sheets/superannuation-gender-pay-gaps-by-age-group> 
  • DSS Demographics December 2018 excel file viewed 15 August 2019 (file was last updated December 31 2018), <https://data.gov.au/dataset/dss-payment-demographic-data>
  •  Australian Bureau of Statistics (2018), Gender Indicators, Australia, Sep 2018, ‘Table 4.1: Attainment of Year 12 or a formal qualification of Certificate II or above by age, 2007 to 2017’, data cube: Excel spreadsheet, cat. No. 4125.0, viewed 14 August 2019, <https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/4125.0Sep%202018?OpenDocument>
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (2018), Gender Indicators, Australia, Sep 2018, ‘Table 4.5: Attainment of a Bachelor Degree or above by age, 2007 to 2017’, data cube: Excel spreadsheet, cat. No. 4125.0, viewed 14 August 2019, <https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/4125.0Sep%202018?OpenDocument>
  • Workplace Gender Equality Agency (2018), Higher education enrolments and graduate labour market statistics, viewed 14 August 2019, <https://www.wgea.gov.au/data/fact-sheets/higher-education-enrolments-and-graduate-labour-market-statistics>    
  • Workplace Gender Equality Agency (2018), WGEA Data Explorer, Support for carers & paid parental leave, viewed 14 August 2019, <https://data.wgea.gov.au/industries/1#carers_content>
  • Workplace Gender Equality Agency (2018), WGEA Data Explorer, Governing bodies, viewed 14 August 2019, <https://data.wgea.gov.au/industries/1#governing_bodies_content>
  • Workplace Gender Equality Agency (2018), WGEA Data Explorer, Workforce composition, viewed 14 August 2019, <https://data.wgea.gov.au/industries/1#gender_comp_content>
  • Workplace Gender Equality Agency (2018), Australia’s Gender Equality Scorecard 2017-18, viewed 21 February 2019, <https://www.wgea.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/WGEA_2017-18%20Gender%20Equality%20Scorecard.pdf>
  • Australian Institute of Company Directors Statistics (2019), as at 31 May 2019, viewed 15 August 2019, <http://aicd.companydirectors.com.au/advocacy/board-diversity/statistics>

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