Gender workplace statistics at a glance
- Women comprise 47.0% of all employed persons in Australia; 25.0% of all employed persons are women working full-time, and 21.9% are women working part-time (ABS 2018, Labour Force).
- Women constitute 36.7% of all full-time employees and 69.0% of all part-time employees (ABS 2018, Labour Force).
- The workforce participation rate is 60.4% for women and 70.9% for men (ABS 2018, Labour Force).
- The workforce participation rate among those aged 15-64 years is 73.2% for women and 82.8% for men (ABS 2018, Labour Force).
Note: Part-time refers to all employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week and either did so during the reference week or did not work that week.
Note: Participation rate is the sum of the employed and unemployed divided by total population from age 15 onwards.
- The full-time average weekly ordinary earnings* for women are 14.6% less than for men (ABS 2018, Average Weekly Earnings).
- Among non-public sector organisations with 100 or more employees, the gender pay gap for full-time annualised base salary is 17.3%, and 22.4% for full-time annualised total remuneration (WGEA 2018, Data Explorer).
- The adult full-time average hourly earnings** for non-managerial women are 11.1% less than for non-managerial men (ABS 2017, Employee Earnings and Hours).
- The average undergraduate starting salaries for women are 1.8% less than for men. This gap widens to 16.5% for postgraduate (coursework) graduates (Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching 2017).
- Average superannuation balances for women at retirement (aged 60-64) are 42.0% lower than those for men (Clare, R 2017).
- 55.0% of people aged 65 years or more and receiving the aged pension are women (Department of Social Services 2018, Demographics).
* Ordinary time earnings used comprise regular wages and salaries in cash, excluding amounts salary sacrificed. For more information refer to: <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6302.0>
** Cash earnings used comprise regular wages and salaries in cash, including amounts salary sacrificed. Estimates of hourly cash earnings have only been produced for employees with a link between earnings and hours. For more information, refer to: <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6306.0>
- Of all women aged 20-24, 91.6% have attained year 12 qualifications or above, compared to 88.7% of men in the same age bracket. Of all women aged 25-29, 39.9% have achieved a bachelor degree or above, compared to 30.9% of similarly-aged men (ABS 2018, Gender Indicators).
- Among people aged 15-64 years, a slightly higher proportion of women (5.9%) attained a postgraduate degree than men (5.8%) (ABS 2018, Gender Indicators).
Paid parental leave
Of all organisations in the Agency’s 2017-18 dataset:
- 45.9% provide primary carer’s leave in addition to the Federal Government’s paid parental leave scheme (WGEA 2018, Data Explorer).
- 39.3% provide secondary carer’s leave in addition to the Federal Government’s paid parental leave scheme (WGEA 2018, Data Explorer).
Women in leadership
- Latest results from the Agency’s 2017-18 dataset show:
- Women hold 13.7% of chair positions and 24.9% of directorships, and represent 16.5% of CEOs and 29.7% of key management personnel (WGEA 2018, Data Explorer).
Real-time statistics from the AICD (2018) reveal:
- 28.2% of directors in the ASX 200 are women (July 2018).
- Women comprised 50% of new appointments to ASX 200 boards in 2018 (as at 31 July).
- ABS (2018), Labour Force, Australia, July 2018, cat. no. 6202.0, viewed 16 August 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0/>
- ABS (2018), Average Weekly Earnings, Nov 2017, May 2018, cat. no. 6302.0, viewed 16 August 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/asustats/abs@.nsf/mf/6302.0>
- ABS (2018), Gender Indicators, Australia, Sep 2017, cat. No. 4125.0, viewed 22 February 2018, <http://abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4125.0>WGEA (2018),
- ABS (2017), Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2016, cat. no. 6306.0, viewed 23 February 2017, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6306.0>
- Australian Institute of Company Directors Statistics (2018), viewed 15 August 2018, <http://aicd.companydirectors.com.au/advocacy/board-diversity/statistics>
- Clare R. (2017), Superannuation account balances by age and gender, December 2017, ASFA Research and Resources Centre, <https://www.superannuation.asn.au/ArticleDocuments/359/1710_Superannuation_account_balances_by_age_and_gender.pdf.aspx>
- DSS Demographics March 2018 excel file viewed 09 August (file was last updated June 25 2018), <https://data.gov.au/dataset/dss-payment-demographic-data>
- Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching (QILT) (2017), Graduate Outcome Survey National Report, Accessed 8 February 2018, <https://www.qilt.edu.au/general/page-not-found?aspxerrorpath=/docs/default-source/gos-reports/2017/2017_gos_national_report_final_accessiblea45d>
- WGEA Data Explorer, <data.wgea.gov.au>