Gender workplace statistics at a glance 2017-18

Gender workplace statistics at a glance

August 2018

 Workforce Participation

  • Women comprise 47.0% of all employed persons in Australia; 25.0% of all employed persons are women working full-time, and 21.9% are women working part-time (ABS 2018, Labour Force).
  • Women constitute 36.7% of all full-time employees and 69.0% of all part-time employees (ABS 2018, Labour Force).
  • The workforce participation rate is 60.4% for women and 70.9% for men (ABS 2018, Labour Force).
  • The workforce participation rate among those aged 15-64 years is 73.2% for women and 82.8% for men (ABS 2018, Labour Force).

 

Note: Part-time refers to all employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week and either did so during the reference week or did not work that week.

Note: Participation rate is the sum of the employed and unemployed divided by total population from age 15 onwards.

Infographic is a data visualisation of workforce participation statistics

Economic security

  • The full-time average weekly ordinary earnings* for women are 14.6% less than for men (ABS 2018, Average Weekly Earnings).
  • Among non-public sector organisations with 100 or more employees, the gender pay gap for full-time annualised base salary is 17.3%, and 22.4% for full-time annualised total remuneration (WGEA 2018, Data Explorer).
  • The adult full-time average hourly earnings** for non-managerial women are 11.1% less than for non-managerial men (ABS 2017, Employee Earnings and Hours).
  • The average undergraduate starting salaries for women are 1.8% less than for men. This gap widens to 16.5% for postgraduate (coursework) graduates (Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching 2017).
  • Average superannuation balances for women at retirement (aged 60-64) are 42.0% lower than those for men (Clare, R 2017).
  • 55.0% of people aged 65 years or more and receiving the aged pension are women (Department of Social Services 2018, Demographics).

Ordinary time earnings used comprise regular wages and salaries in cash, excluding amounts salary sacrificed. For more information refer to: <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6302.0>

** Cash earnings used comprise regular wages and salaries in cash, including amounts salary sacrificed. Estimates of hourly cash earnings have only been produced for employees with a link between earnings and hours. For more information, refer to: <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6306.0>

infographic depicts lifetime earnings statistics by gender

Educational Attainment

  • Of all women aged 20-24, 91.6% have attained year 12 qualifications or above, compared to 88.7% of men in the same age bracket. Of all women aged 25-29, 39.9% have achieved a bachelor degree or above, compared to 30.9% of similarly-aged men (ABS 2018,  Gender Indicators).
  • Among people aged 15-64 years, a slightly higher proportion of women (5.9%) attained a postgraduate degree than men (5.8%) (ABS 2018,  Gender Indicators). 
infographic depicts educational attainment statistics

Paid parental leave

Of all organisations in the Agency’s 2017-18 dataset:

  • 45.9% provide primary carer’s leave in addition to the Federal Government’s paid parental leave scheme (WGEA 2018, Data Explorer).
  • 39.3% provide secondary carer’s leave in addition to the Federal Government’s paid parental leave scheme (WGEA 2018, Data Explorer).
infographic depicts paid parental leave statistics

Women in leadership

  • Latest results from the Agency’s 2017-18 dataset show:
  • Women hold 13.7% of chair positions and 24.9% of directorships, and represent 16.5% of CEOs and 29.7% of key management personnel (WGEA 2018, Data Explorer).

Real-time statistics from the AICD (2018) reveal:

  • 28.2% of directors in the ASX 200 are women (July 2018).
  • Women comprised 50% of new appointments to ASX 200 boards in 2018 (as at 31 July).

 


Infographic is a data visualisation of workforce participation statistics

References

 

  • ABS (2018), Labour Force, Australia, July 2018, cat. no. 6202.0, viewed 16 August 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0/> 
  • ABS (2018), Average Weekly Earnings, Nov 2017, May 2018, cat. no. 6302.0, viewed 16 August 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/asustats/abs@.nsf/mf/6302.0>
  • ABS (2018), Gender Indicators, Australia, Sep 2017, cat. No. 4125.0, viewed 22 February 2018, <http://abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4125.0>WGEA (2018),
  • ABS (2017), Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2016, cat. no. 6306.0, viewed 23 February 2017, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6306.0>
  • Australian Institute of Company Directors Statistics (2018), viewed 15 August 2018, <http://aicd.companydirectors.com.au/advocacy/board-diversity/statistics>
  • Clare R. (2017), Superannuation account balances by age and gender, December 2017, ASFA Research and Resources Centre, <https://www.superannuation.asn.au/ArticleDocuments/359/1710_Superannuation_account_balances_by_age_and_gender.pdf.aspx>
  • DSS Demographics March 2018 excel file viewed 09 August (file was last updated June 25 2018), <https://data.gov.au/dataset/dss-payment-demographic-data> 
  • Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching (QILT) (2017), Graduate Outcome Survey National Report, Accessed 8 February 2018, <https://www.qilt.edu.au/general/page-not-found?aspxerrorpath=/docs/default-source/gos-reports/2017/2017_gos_national_report_final_accessiblea45d>
  • WGEA Data Explorer, <data.wgea.gov.au>

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